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statia & saba at a glance
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St. Eustatius, affectionately called Statia is just five miles long and two miles wide, and is home to 3,500 people. Statia is located in the north eastern Caribbean, 178 miles East of Puerto Rico and 35 miles South of St. Maarten. The capital is Oranjestad.

Saba, also known as “the Unspoiled Queen”, is a Caribbean island and the smallest public body of the Netherlands. It consists largely of the dormant volcano Mount Scenery (877 m), the highest point of the Netherlands.The island has a land area of 5 sq. miles and is home to 2,000 people. The capital is The Bottom. Other towns are St. John’s, Windwardside and Zion’s Hill.

Statia:

St. Eustatius, affectionately called Statia is just five miles long and two miles wide, and is home to 3,500 people. Statia is located in the north eastern Caribbean, 178 miles East of Puerto Rico and 35 miles South of St. Maarten. The capital is Oranjestad.

Statia history

Statia was sighted in 1493 by Christopher Columbus. Throughout a swaggering colonial era that followed, the island had changed hands at least 22 times.

In 1636, near the close of the 80 year war between Holland and Spain, the Dutch took possession. During the 17th and 18th century, Statia was a major trading centre with some 20,000 inhabitants and thousands of ships calling at her shores.

St. Eustatius also has a notable position in the history of the United States of America. On November 16, 1776 the island was the first foreign territory to officially salute, the Grand Union Flag of America. In response to this salute, the island’s recognition of America and the shipping of ammunition and gunpowder to America during the American Revolution, the English capture and destroy the island. The salute is commemorated every year on November 16th with many festivities and it is now known as Statia Day or Statia-America Day.

Currency

The official currency is the US dollar. Local banks will also exchange other foreign currency

Ecotourism

St. Eustatius has always recognized its nature and marine life is one of its most valuable assets. The St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation, known locally as Stenapa is managing many ecotourisminitiatives.

Stenapa is a dedicated environmental organization developed to protect the marine and land environment as well as endangered species.

Education

The education system is European and more specifically, Dutch. General Instruction is given in the Dutch language. English and Spanish are also taught in the schools. The range of educational facilities include primary, elementary, secondary and vocational. Scholarships, loans and grants are available for further study in the Netherlands, the United States, Canada, Latin America and the Caribbean

Holidays

• New Year, January 1
• March - Good Friday, Easter Sunday, Easter Monday
• Queen's Day on April 30.
• Ascension Day
• May 1 - Labour Day
• October 21 - Antillean Day
• November 16 is Statia-America Day
• December 25, Christmas Day
• December 26, Boxing Day.

Language

The official languages of the country are Dutch and English. Because of the multi-ethnicity of this tiny island, Spanish, Papiamento and other languages can also be heard.

Strategic Development Plan

If you want more information regarding the Strategic Development Plan for Statia - St. Eustatius -, go to www.ro-sinteustatius.nl/home/strategic-development-plan.html


Saba:

Saba, also known as “the Unspoiled Queen”, is a Caribbean island and the smallest public body of the Netherlands. It consists largely of the dormant volcano Mount Scenery (877 m), the highest point of the Netherlands.The island has a land area of 5 sq. miles and is home to 2,000 people. The capital is The Bottom. Other towns are St. John’s, Windwardside and Zion’s Hill.

Saba history

Around the year 1640, the Dutch Governor of the neighbouring island of St. Eustatius sent people over to colonize the island for the Dutch West India Company. In 1664, these settlers were evicted to St. Maarten by Thomas Morgan, The Netherlands have been in continuous possession of Saba since 1816 after numerous flag changes (British-Dutch-French) during the previous centuries. The remains of the 1640 settlements can be found on the west side at Tent Bay. They were destroyed by a landslide in the 17th century.

In the 17th and 18th centuries its major industries were sugar and rum, and later fishing, particularly lobster fishing. In the 17th century Saba was believed to be a favourable hideout for Jamaican pirates. England also deported its "undesirable" people to live in the Caribbean colonies. They too became pirates, taking haven on Saba. Legitimate sailing and trade later became important and many of the island's men took to the seas, during which time Saba lace became an important product made by the island's women.

There is one main road on Saba, aptly called "The Road". Its construction was masterminded by Josephus Lambert Hassell who, despite the common opinion of Dutch and Swiss engineers, believed that a road could be built. He took a correspondence course in civil engineering, and started building the road with a crew of locals in 1938. After five years of work, the first section of the road, from Fort Bay to The Bottom, was completed. It was not until 1947, however, that the first motor vehicle arrived. In 1951, the road to Windwardside and St. Johns was opened, and in 1958 the road was completed.

Currency

The official currency from January 1st 2011 is the US dollar.

Holidays

• January 1 - New Year
• March - Good Friday, Easter Sunday, Easter Monday
• Ascension Day
• April 30 – Queens Day
• May 1 - Labour Day
• Last week of July, begin August – Saba Carnival
• First week of December - Saba Day
• December 25 - Christmas Day
• December 26 - Boxing Day.

Language

The official languages of the country are Dutch and English. Because of the multi-ethnicity of this tiny island, Spanish, Papiamento and other languages can also be heard.